Policy Briefs

Designing a Cluster-Based Scenario to Capture Indonesia’s Demographic Dividend By Khairul Imam, S.Sos, M.Si


Demographic transition in Indonesia does not occur simultaneously nationwide and this affects the country’s efforts of capturing its demographic dividend. Disparity among regions with respect to their demographic characteristics means that a one-size fits all scenario, which treats all regions equally under one single policy, will not be effective. By employing cluster analysis method, Indonesian regencies/cities can be grouped based on their demographic similarities. This, in turn, allows for a pilot policy, as the national policy directive, to be developed for regions that share a cluster. This Policy Memo recommends the government to adopt two dimensions in its scenario to realize demographic dividend: a national policy that focuses on creating economic opportunities and governance quality to drive investment and job creation and a regional-level policy that focuses on building the quality of human resource using cluster-appropriate strategies.

The Role of BKKBN in Addressing Stunting in Indonesia


Human quality greatly affects the success of national development programs in Indonesia. As part of the government’s efforts to ensure successful development, the improvement of human quality and human competitiveness are one of the central concerns in the National Medium-Term Development Plan IV of 2020-2024. Human quality itself is determined by the quality of a child’s development during her first 1,000 days of life. Inadequate or inappropriate nutritional intake during this ‘golden’ period may lead to a condition known as stunting, which adversely impacts the child later in life. To prevent stunting, cross-sectoral cooperation with programs that complement one another and that corresponds with the life cycle approach is important to have. In line with its primary role in family development, BKKBN focuses on maternal and prepartum health to ensure that expecting and breastfeeding mothers as well as their babies can be protected from the risk of stunting.

Family Planning Acceptor Surveillance System – A Method to Reduce Contraception Discontinuation Rate


A continued surveillance system is a central feature of a family planning service standard that can inform family planning service quality improvement, including the safety and continuity of contraceptive use to reduce contraception discontinuation rate. Through continuous education and monitoring, new and existing acceptors will receive consistent information to improve their knowledge and awareness on contraception use, family planning, and reproductive health. Monitoring activities may also serve as early detection of potential contraceptive side effects and complication. To reduce contraception discontinuation rate and increase contraceptive participation, the role of field officers and volunteers should be enhanced, and family planning activities integrated in the community. Surveillance results are recorded and may improve data input in the SIGA sub-system, resulting in a unified, consistent database.

Scroll to Top